Tag Archive: victor frankenstein


Tania De Lira-Miranda 


There’s a peaceful silence that fills the room as the only sound is the occasional rustling of papers when Adam turns the pages of his book and of a pen scratching paper whenever Adam puts his book down to take notes of what he just read. This continues for a few minutes until Adam puts down his quill and closes the book, pushing his chair away from his desk to stand up and stretch out his limbs. After spending months poring over what seemed to be hundreds of books and staying up countless nights to write down carefully detailed notes, Adam is finally done with his research.

He begins to clean up his desk: straightening out the stack of note-filled paper, shoving the unused paper into his desk’s drawer, and taking the books that were littered around his desk to their designated spot of his bookshelf. When he’s done, he picks up his notebook and hurries out of his room, rushing to his laboratory. Once there, he moves from shelf to shelf, already knowing what he needs to get in order to begin his experiment. Adam places everything on one of the lab’s benches and begins assembling them. He’s just about to finish, all he needs is to do is finish the last stitch to connect the right arm to the torso when he suddenly pauses, suddenly unsure of what he’s doing. Putting down the arm, he looks over at what he’s done so far; there laying down in front of him is a man, a man he’s just about finished stitching together. The man’s eyes are closed, seemingly asleep but Adam knows better, after all, he’s the one who dug the head out of its grave. It’s not exactly morally right but he knows that it’s the only way if to prove his theory of it being capable to bring a corpse back to life. Though he wants to say that his reason for doing is to advance science, he knows that that isn’t why he’s doing this; he’s doing this because he wants someone who will talk to him without judging him unlike the other people in the world. Whenever he walks out of his house, there’s always someone looking at him looking at him with disdain. He’s never done anything to anyone yet they all look at him like he’s a monster who has just attacked them. It was these instances that caused him to see humanity in a bad light. Adam shakes his head, trying to clear his mind from his thoughts, not wanting to delve further into the topic. Instead, he finishes the stitches and walks away from the bench, finally ready to start the next part of his experiment and ready to see if his research, the numberless days he spent holed up in his room would show success, so he puts on his goggles and flips a switch.

The room is filled with a bright flash for a few minutes before it dies down when Adam flips the switch again. Taking off his goggles, he walks closer to the bench and looks at the man before him. Not noticing a noticeable difference or any movements coming from the man, he walks to where he left his notebook and is about to write down that the experiment failed when he hears a groan. Intrigued, he quickly turns back and rushes over to the bench. He only has to wait a few seconds before the man gasps for a breath and he quickly sits up. Surprised at the sudden movement, Adam jumps back, bumping into a nearby table and causing the things on the table to tumble onto the floor which causes him to flinch. Looking up at the man, Adam sees the man turning his head to look at what caused the noise which causes him to lock eyes with Adam.

The man looks like nothing Adam imagined, though he chose the best body parts for the experiment, the man has shriveled yellow skin, black hair, white teeth, watery eyes, and black eyes. Seeing how ugly his experiment looks, Adam almost wants to leave and run as far as he can form the creature but just as quick as this thought came to his head, the thought leaves. If he was to run away, Adam would be just like the people who judge him without getting to know him. Could he really subject his creation to those harsh actions and cause him to see how bad humanity is like he does? Stepping closer to the creature, Adam realizes that he can’t. Instead, he reaches out and hugs the man, wanting the man’s first contact with another person to be something good. Pulling back, he speaks to the man though it doesn’t seem like he understands Adam’s words. “Hello, Victor,”



Because of how long Frankenstein has been around, it seems that the novel has almost been gone through almost every alteration it could have gone through. Things have been removed and/or changed from some adaptions – characters, setting, time period, events -, and for other adaptions, things have been added – characters, plot lines, etc. It’s been made into various movies, tv shows, and once even a musical. So, what is a new spin that the novel could go through and that’s when a lightbulb went off in my head: a role reversal.

Everyone knows that Victor Frankenstein is a scientist who, in an attempt to do the impossible, brought back to life a corpse. It is the age-old tale but what if that was turned on its head. What if instead it is Victor who is brought back to life by the creature, who I named Adam in my writing. As both of these characters are drastically different, the reasoning of why Adam would bring a corpse back to life would change. Victor did it because he wanted to be a god but Adam isn’t like that; it doesn’t have the ego that Victor does. Why would Adam want to bring the dead back to life then? Taking inspirations on how the creature was an outcast in the novel, I made the reason be that Adam wanted to have a friend, someone who wouldn’t judge him like the rest of humanity did. This would also affect how Adam reacts to Victor coming back to life. Though Victor got what he wanted, to bring a corpse back to life, but he was frightened by the results and ran away which is what lead to the creature to begin to see humanity as terrible. But because this is the exact opposite thing that Adam  wants, so when he brings Victor back to life, even though he first gets the idea of running away, he doesn’t and instead embraces the creature, wanting Victor’s first contact with humanity be a positive one.

Oh, M(om)ster Dear!

Bride-of-FrankensteinBy Melanney Giron

Composition: “Oh, M(om)ster Dear!”

It has been twenty-five days since my dear mothers passing,

Twenty-five days since I lost my love, my life, my everlasting.

My days yearn to see the sun, oh how I miss the sun,

I was given no option but to live my days, one-by-one.


Death has introduced me to spiraling nights of desperation and heartache,

With empty rooms making sounds that force me awake.

As an attempt to confess my sins and my sorrows,

I stand in this room trying to think of ways to bring back my mother.


Days and nights, I slaved away searching my brain,

For any desperate solution to have my mother with me again.

I soon discovered a darkness inside me,

One so dark that made my bones shiver in plea.


I went through carcasses of objects once loved,

Though was sure that death has bestowed them unloved.

The night soon arrived that filled me with eagerness,

Though searching and seizing a tomb was a task quite vigorous.


On a dreary night of November,

My troubles and doubts soon came to surrender.

My mothers’ lifeless body that once laid strapped and numb soon jolted,

As her eyes and mine connected, my breath considered stolen.


What beauty and grace laid upon me,

A sudden wave made its way through my body with immense sensuality.

I approached my creation with an urge to feel her pale skin against my own,

Although scared and anxious, her own curiosity became known.


It has been twenty-five days since my lover awoke,

Twenty-five days since she and I yoked.

My days see pure light as we sway through the night,

What once was heartache became clean out-of-sight.


I have written a poem titled Oh, M(om)ster Dear! in resemblance to the typical lyric “oh, mother dear!” The poem takes a glance at a specific scene from Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein. In Shelley’s novel Victor Frankenstein, the main character, deals with the loss of his mother due to an illness. Shelley wrote, “The time at length arrives, when grief is rather an indulgence than a necessity; and the smile that plays upon the lips, although it may be deemed a sacrilege, is not banished,” (49). In the novel, it is obvious that Victor soon becomes numb to his mothers death and goes about what he would consider his “normal life.”

I decided to challenge Victor’s deeper feelings and bring them to light. In my poem, I chose to rewrite Shelley’s original novel; rather than Victor creating a new “being”, he slaves himself away to bring his dead mother back to life. I focused on the Oedipus Complex studied by Sigmund Freud that revolves around the idea of a child becoming infatuated with their mother. The Oedipus complex is a theory that focuses largely on the unconscious ideas and feelings that center around the desire to possess the parent of the opposite sex, As seen throughout my poem, Victor falls in love with his mothers risen corpse, supporting Freud’s idea.

As I wrote the poem, I made the decision to include a couple stanzas about the isolation and desperation that Victor felt in the original scene from the novel. Regardless of the situation, showing Victor losing himself in his work is an important part of the scenes because it allows the readers to understand what it meant to him. As people read my poem, I hope that their analysis contains the historical relevance of the Oedipus Complex and the effect that Victor’s unconsciousness had on his relation with his mothers corpse.

4. Somehow, by wanting to produce a more perfect human being, Victor and Elizabeth are admitting to disabilities of their own. A creature impervious to pain and is virtually indestructible by medical and other violent means would be a triumph to the Frankensteins- if Adam were more conventionally attractive and had a neuro-typical consciousness.

I chose the fourth comment because it captures some of the thoughts that I had while watching the film. Ultimately the reason the Creature was easily discarded and allowed to run is because it’s a failure in the eyes of the Frankensteins. Their vision of a beautiful super human are shattered when his body starts to develop its infection. The fact they could not cure this infection and would rather just dispose of him and start over suggests that in the end he was nothing more than an experiment. One of many until they achieved their perfect superhuman. Throughout the film there are many instances where the Creature proves it is superior to other humans and yet what others fixate on his physical imperfection. Wanda says the Creature is nice but ultimately not worthy of a “free pity fuck” which perhaps would not have been the case if the Creature had still been conventionally attractive like he was at the beginning of the film. Another scene that shows how essential his physical attractiveness was is the scene in the chamber between the Creature, the Frankensteins, and the second creature. The Frankensteins say it’s him but better and the only visible difference is that this second creature is not physically deformed.  Lastly, the scene where Victor refuses to admit the Creature is conscious because he is not displaying a “normal” mental development shows how the Frankensteins had a certain expectation that the Creature did not meet and thus failed to be everything he should be. What the Frankensteins achieved was incredible but they diminished it themselves by deciding that the physical imperfection and the slow learning of the Creature were signs of failure.

By Diana Lara

Tania De Lira-Miranda

The comments that offers a broader interpretation of the film would be #2; Victor and Elizabeth view their creation in different ways. In a way they serve as stand-ins for how science tends to view people with disabilities. On the one hand, Elizabeth, people with disabilities are still able to feel and should be viewed with compassion. They should be cared for. On the other hand, Victor, represents viewing people with disabilities as lesser, as failed by-products, that need to be taken care of.

The reason why is because it really reflects the real world. People react to people with disability in one of two ways; they either feel like the world needs to do more to help people or that they feel like people with disabilities are a nuisance. By explaining how Elizabeth and Victor react to Adam, we could discuss which view is the ‘correct one’ and which one the world should have:l. This would then lead to a talk where we discuss  the real world applications of the views. So either what people have done to help make life easier for people with disabilities or how the world is ableist

one and the same

Many assumptions and theories alike can be made as to why the creature insisted upon the truth of his tale by giving Victor the letters by Safie, though one reason I found that might warrant this sort of behavior could be of the creature seeking that validation he very much craved from Victor, his creator. During this confrontation, the creature makes note of the ways in which Victor neglected him, “I remembered Adam’s supplication to his creator. But where was mine? He had abandoned me and in the bitterness of my heart I cursed him,” (Ch.15) and had since mentioned it during his recollection of his life, “no father had watched my infant days,” (Ch.13) and so on. It’s through their relationship that we could even compare it to that of Safie and her father’s. From what the creature collected from her past, her father used her in order to escape, having noticed the way Felix looked at his daughter. When she confronts him, the creature recollects it as “leaving her angrily, reiterating his tyrannical mandate.” (Ch.14). 

The correlation of the creature’s need for Victor’s validation to Safie is that he felt in some way connected to her. Throughout the story, the creature learns French with Safie, and it’s through this that he begins to feel this sort of bond, or rather he feels the all more connected to her and then even more so when he learns of her past. He also relates to her in the sense of wanting to rise in rank, as she had shown interest in this when she was told by her mother and he obviously does not want to remain as the monster the villagers and those around her have put him as. He wants to be seen, to be validated, and to be taken in.  

And it’s through all of this do we also get a sense of double consciousness coming from the creature. W.E.B. Du Bois’ double consciousness describes the sensation of feeling as though your identity is divided into several parts, making it difficult or impossible to have one unified identity. Towards the end of his recollection, the creature questions his existence and goes as far as to compare it to Victor, “God, in pity, made man beautiful . . . but my form is a filthy type of yours, more horrid even from the very resemblance,” (Ch.15) and then with the devil, “I considered Satan as the fitter emblem of my condition, for often, like him, when I viewed the bliss of my protectors, the bitter gall of envy rose within me,” (Ch.15). He also goes on to mention the other numerous times in which he questions his existence and his origin, “I was not even of the same nature as men,” (Ch.13) and then more so as he talks about how he eventually became cursed with knowledge and left wondering such things about himself the more he learned about the world.

– Lou Flores

Sexual Identity


Image result for frankenstein and monster

In Jessica Fisher’s blog, “I am Frankenstein’s Monster: An echo of Susan Stryker’s call to action” she evaluates Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein” through a lens of the gender identity of Victor Frankenstein and the creature. Fisher asserts in the novel Victor is a representation queer, transgender and asexual, pan romanticism in the form intimidation and discreteness they go through. The creature itself is a representation of the emotional and isolation they are faced with in the real world. Victor Frankenstein is unconscious, but through his actions, the reader is able to become unaware of manifestation between Victor and his suppressed sexual life.

At first glance in the novel, the relationship between Victor Frankenstein and Henry Clerval is that of childhood friends which are built with trust and happiness. It is a common belief in society that friends are people who individuals who build bonds and are everlasting. However, through Fisher’s lens of “Frankenstein” an alternate perspective is shown. In “Frankenstein” when Victor departures to the University of Ingolstadt Henry begs his father to allow him to leave with Victor, but is not allowed, “He said little; when he spoke, I read in his kindling eye and in animated glance a restrained but firm resolve, chained with miserable details” (Shelley 51) Victor describes Henry using the words, “kindling eyes”, “animated glance” and “miserable”. Traditional gender roles in the seventeenth century are between a man and a woman, yet Victor begins to show attraction and affection towards his childhood friend. Victor describes Henry through his physical feature at that moment asserting that he had “Kindling eyes” and “animated glance” meaning that he finds Henry charming. These words are usually said to a woman, not a man. Victor exposes his subconscious thought in this particular moment, talking in the second person.  He is hiding sexual identity from everyone, he is attracted to his same gender rather than the opposite, but is afraid of exposing it. Furthermore, he begins to show emotion through the use of a long sentence and sentence structure, semicolons, and commas. As the sentence proceeds the reader is met with first, a semicolon which he states that Henry did not say much and brings the sentence to an untimely stop. Victor than continues after this pause and states three more words than the sentence comes to another stop, having sorrow for his friend. The sentence after begins to flow but continues, but then again comes to another stop. The comas emphasis Victor emotion running high as he struggles to finish a sentence and must come to stop to allow him not to break down. Sadness running through his mind, he can not bear the feeling of departing from his friend, but he is able to leave Elizabeth without having so much emotion. Further, in the novel, Henry visits Victor and finds him very ill and he proceeds to, help him heal the whole winter, “how good you are to me. This whole winter, instead of being spent in the study”(Shelley 64) he was “consumed in a sick room” (Shelley 64) asserting that they both care immensely for each other. Victor is brought back to life by his friend and the happiness that he feels just by seeing him, never does Elizabeth come to his mind. Victor only shining a light on his feelings when he is seen with Henry. Here is were Susan Stryker’s asserts that a person who is transgender life becomes difficult as they are not welcomed and are unsociable in society. Here is were Fisher asserts that “Filisa shouldn’t have faced the loneliness that rejection no doubt brought.” In society many view sexual identity as a mental illness, to which Victor is not willing to sacrifice his straight image in society as he will be met with backlash. Victor keeps his sexual life private and is not willing to expose his affection towards Henry as what awaits is loneliness and rejection. Though his affection towards Henry is seen through the whole novel and the connection to the creature and the purpose of its creation.

Upon the creature being created, we see a sense of confusion with the world and the search for acceptance from any human. He begins to head to Geneva hoping that his creation will understand hand hears what he has to say and ultimately accept him. When the monster begins to tell his story he mentions an encounter he had with humans, a small little girl slips into a stream and is about to drown and he comes to save her, yet the man that she is with sees a “monster” in his eyes and continues to shoot him, instead of acknowledging what he did. The creature then continues to state, “This is the reward of my benevolence! I had saved a human being from destruction, and, as a recompense, I now writhed under the miserable pain of a wound,” (Shelley 125) Full with frustration and confusion as he uses an exclamation mark to emphasis on why did this occur to him, the creature had nothing but good intention. Hoping to be “normal” through his actions, yet finds that it is not possible for him to ever be normal. The creature was hoping to gain acceptance but was left even more emotionally and physically hurt, paralleling with Fisher’s critique of the situation Filisa’s suicide. She asserts that “What drove her to such despair was the exclusion she experienced in Seattle’s queer community, some members of which opposed Filisa’s participation because of her transsexuality — even though she identified as and lived as a bisexual woman.” Fisher addressing that trans and queer can never be viewed as normal, which creates rage or  “Transgender Rage”. Filisa was doing what she believed to be an environment where she was going to accepted, she was faced with a barrier. Filisa was opposed by others whom she thought would be accepting. As the creature could not understand why he could not be human, he continues to take this experience and leave to Geneva with anger in his mind. A parallel exists as Victor who is the creator of the creature does not accept the creature. Which creates this rage in Filisa and the creature.

Levit Martinez


Transgender Empowerment

Esther Quintanilla

Gender identity and gender ambiguity seem to be a major complication in the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley. Victor Frankenstein seems to be in conflict with his identity and has thrown his issues onto the creature that he animates at the beginning of the novel. While we identified in class that Victor may or may not have the desire to transition into a woman (i.e. his “womb envy”, his desire to create life, his lack of love toward his wife), the question of the creature’s gender has not been thoroughly discussed. We briefly talked about how the creature assumes that he is male due to his observation of the power that men hold in the world around him but, there is ambiguity in the biological gender of the creature. He is made in the image of a beautiful being, modeled after presumably Victor’s mother, but is quickly tossed to the side when he does not fulfill the desire that Victor is trying to achieve, that is to give life to something beautiful. The gender of the creature is not disclosed, and it is up to him alone to decide what he chooses to identify with.

Jessica Rae Fisher does an excellent job in her essay I Am Frankenstein’s Monster: An Echo of Susan Stryker’s Call to Action in explaining the misconceptions and the struggles that transgender individuals face on a daily basis. As a trans woman, she discusses the many troubles that she, along with her community, has suffered. From slurs to complete ignorance being spread about her identity, she still maintains a hopeful outlook and pushes her community to take authority over those who are transphobic and ignorant. Fisher calls out for her community to reclaim the words of hatred, such as “monster”, “tranny”, “Frankenstein”, etc. that are spewed upon them and to take power over the society of hatred.

Fisher’s article was and is inspiring to the trans community. Her words of encouragement will allow for the cycle of ignorance to stop and for more knowledge about transgender issues to be brought to light.

Motherly Obsessions

Esther Quintanilla

In Frankenstein: A Feminist Critique of Science, written by Anne Mellor, a depiction of nature as female is established. With the idea of “Mother Nature” and the stereotype of women being the ones who bring life into this world, this is a known idea. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein completely destroys this stereotype. Victor Frankenstein creates life, that is, artificial life, and expects to control the entity that he created. Mellor states, “the scientist who analyses, manipulates, and attempts to control nature unconsciously engages in a form of oppressive sexual politics” (12). Victor Frankenstein is contributing to the oppressive society that depicts women as sweet, naïve creatures and is expecting to dominate over them. Victor, therefore, is erasing the need for women in the novel, as life can be artificially made. This leaves the notion that Victor had a desire to give birth.

In order to achieve this goal, Victor turns to science. Instantly, Victor revels in the ideas of science and becomes obsessed with giving birth to artificial life. This becomes the focal point of Victor’s existence. The relationships that Victor had with various female figures in his life also may have had an impact on how he was picturing himself creating life.

Victor’s relationships with the women in his life may have had an impact on his desire to give birth. His mother, although Victor may or may not have had a desire to sleep with her, was caring and nurturing toward him. Elizabeth, who replaced Victor’s mother after she passed, was a loved figure who cared deeply for Victor. He may have seen the way that the women around him were nurturing and loving and developed a need to be in a similar situation. However, it turns in the completely opposite direction. Victor abandons his child at birth and forsakes any implication of motherhood in his own being. Without even realizing, Victor slowly begins to turn on motherhood and becomes a figure that destroys life. An example of this is the mere abandonment of his creature. Victor, by abandoning his creation, sets up a destructive fate for it.

By: Jocelyn Lemus

Image result for frankenstein scientist

Sometimes, we tend to imagine the world without the naked eye. Wanting to see the world more in depth is what one really needs. More specifically, I want to the address the topic of feminism. The reason this came in between my mind was because in the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, she is able to develop the ideas of science and connect it with it. The idea of feminism was something impacting in her life. Her ideas of this aligns with Anne Mellor. They both discuss the concept of how science manipulates the state of nature. The way the topics of science and nature are brought in, is because the novel depicts how Victor Frankenstein manages to manipulate nature by allowing himself to create it on his own, and not nature his own. The creation of the creation symbolizes how a woman’s womb carries a baby and then gives birth, however, in the novel Frankenstein is indirectly giving birth by just creating it with his bare hands and his knowledge.

For instance, in the novel, Mary Shelley includes Frankenstein’s idea of how he feels once he has created the creature. He emphasizes, “A new species will bless me…”(57). This is depicting how Frankenstein sees his creation as the ability to feel satisfied. This brings in the idea of feminism because a man is doing what a woman by nature does. This also correlates with Mellor’s idea because in her essay, “Frankenstein: A Feminist Critique Of Science” she is able to elaborate more and put in more knowledge and ideas into the concept.  For instance, she includes that Frankenstein “enslaves a fertile but passive female nature”(1). This is important because just like in the novel, it is shown how he was able to grab nature and change its way of being formed. Therefore, both ideas of these to people correlate with the idea that the novel Frankenstein allows science to play a role of feminism.

Melanney Giron

In Anne Mellor’s feminist literary criticism, she explores the idea of the way, in her novel, Mary Shelley uses her female perspective to resist the patriarchal motives that Victor Frankenstein expressed during his problematic science experiment gone wrong. Mellor mentioned some of Humphry Davy’s lectures in regards to his interpretation of the novel and, although he committed intentional fallacy to the slightest degree, he interpreted what he believed Shelley’s purpose to be as, “Mary Shelley wishes to draw between the scholar-scientist who seeks only to understand the operations of nature and the master-scientist who actively interferes with nature,” (Mellor 3).

One of Mellor’s main ideas was the difference in settings for stereotypical scientists and the description given to us in Shelley’s novel. Looking at the first couple pages of Frankenstein, Shelley described the protagonist as a curious man, especially when he first was introduced to the science that ruined his life, Shelley wrote, “all that had so long engaged [Victor’s] attention suddenly grew despicable…[he] at once gave up [his] former occupations,” (Shelley 47). Victor soon became infatuated by the idea of the power he could possibly attain from creating a new species that “…would bless [Victor] as its creator and source; many happy and excellent natures would owe their being to [him],” (Shelley 57). Mellor mentioned that Victor’s predominant male perspective encouraged him to work against the pure power of nature, she wrote, “Frankenstein has thus disrupted the natural life-cycle. His attempt to speed up the transformation of decomposing organic material into new life-forms by artificial means has violated the rhythms of nature,” (Mellor 7).

Mellor’s feminist conclusion about Frankenstein that “the scientist who analyzes, manipulates, and attempts to control nature unconsciously engages in a form of oppressive sexual politics,” (Mellor 12). In her interpretation, Mellor was able to find the hidden gendered imagery that replaced “nature” with the female gender. Victor attempted to create a new life where he would replace females and take all of the power away from them, he wanted to be both Adam and Eve of his new world, along with the powerful God.