If we look at Justine’s death as a historical commentary, then it is a confirmation of Burke’s general prediction regarding the French Revolution. While Burke’s writing came before the French Revolution, and while the text may not be considered anti-revolutionary, Justine’s death certainly reads like a sad admittance of the failures of the French Revolution. ¬†Justine definitely fits the archetypal personification of Justice with her calm, confident, and beautiful demeanor upon trial (79). Her beauty also recalls Burke’s slightly over the top and melodramatic description of Marie Antoinette, who keeps a “serene patience” in her imprisonment. Burke ultimately predicted that this revolution would end in a bloodbath, and though many tore him down at the time, he ended up being right on that count. Justine’s death seems like an acknowledgement of the failures of the revolution: Justine is the people, and this incident mirrors the Reign of Terror.

Justine’s primary role is that of a servant and caregiver to William. When William dies, she is blamed immediately for his death and killed for it. This mirrors what happened during the Reign of Terror, where former revolutionaries and sympathizers of the cause were accused of counter-revolutionary activities and publicly executed. Justine, as the caregiver for William, was wrongly executed based on evidence provided by the monster. Through this reading, her death seems to be a sad admission of the failures of the French Revolution and an acknowledgement of the wanton violence that plagued the end of the French Revolution.

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