From a Marxist perspective one might expect Justine to take on the standard role of the oppressed proletariat that is unjustly and indiscriminately executed for the crimes of the monster. However, after reading The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, Justine can be examined as another construct. Justine herself does not represent any specific facet of society, but rather her execution serves as the catalyst for the rise of Victor Frankenstein. Prior to Justine’s arrest, Frankenstein was still a figure of ideals, and viewed the world as black vs. white, good vs. evil. Victor embodied this well-ordered ideal and it expressed itself through his actions; the reader can clearly determine Victor’s morals, and more importantly, he sees himself as good. But Victor’s cold albeit pragmatic refusal to help Justine, simply on the basis that it would be futile. Thus, the clearly demarcated morals of Victor’s world are fuddled, and Justine’s execution leads to the rise of Victor from a naïve idealist to a vengeful pragmatist.

            In many ways the rise of Bonaparte and his bureaucracy mirrors that of Victor Frankenstein. In The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, Karl Marx notes that the “overthrow of parliamentary republic [led to] the victory of Bonaparte” (48). Bonaparte as a singular identity represents the proletariat triumph, but he himself could not rise without the downfall of the previous structures of state, which were all permutations of the same ideal: the government “was the instrument of the ruling class, however much it strove for power of its own” (49). Thus, Marx explicitly states that the old idealistic parliamentary government is simply not suited for the proletariat, and thus it must be completely eliminated. The old government is essentially sacrificed, which serves as the catalyst for, an otherwise mediocre form of government to assume dominance. It must be noted that the new government was still quite under the control of the elite, as the segment of government meant to control them was easily bribed, but in principle this form of bureaucracy was “completely independent”.

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